Gundrampally is one of the “Jallianwala Bagh” incidents in Nizam’s state. Rivers of blood were shed by the Razakars in Gundrampally of Chityal Mandal, today’s Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district.
Hyderabad/New Delhi: The day of April 13, 1919. The national movement against the British colonial rulers was in full swing. Leaders like Dr Saifuddin Kitchlew, Satyapal, who opposed the Rowlatt Act brought by the British government, were arrested and exiled from the country. Rejecting this, the movement of the people of the country intensified. Protests also started in Amritsar in Punjab state. The British government banned protests with a ban on public gatherings. At the same time, thousands of people gathered in the seven-acre garden on the occasion of Vaisakhi, an important festival of Punjabis. Among them were Sikhs, Hindus, and Muslims. An officer accompanying the British army closed the entrance and issued orders to attack the unarmed crowd. A total of 50 soldiers fired 1,650 rounds of bullets in 10 minutes. In an attempt to save their lives from the rain and stampede of those bullets, many people jumped into the nearby well, due to which many lost their lives. The name of that garden of living proof of inhuman genocide is ‘Jallian Wala Bagh’. General Dyer was the name of the monster who attacked indiscriminately on the hands in an inhuman way.
At that time hundreds of innocent people lost their lives due to the inhumanity of the colonial rulers. According to the official count of the then rulers, 379 people died in this incident. But in reality more than 1000 people died in this incident. More than 2000 people were injured. There were women and small children in it. The nation will remember the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy. The nation is remembering the heroes who sacrificed their lives in this incident. Jallianwala Bagh incident has been recorded as an unfortunate and heinous incident in the history of India.
Being from the state of Punjab, I am fully aware of the Jallianwala Bagh incident. But there have been many other incidents in India which have not been identified. Especially incidents like “Jallianwala Bagh” have happened in the erstwhile Hyderabad of Nizam’s autocratic state of Hyderabad. As the BJP’s Telangana state in-charge, my association with the region brought me a lot of insistence and anger when I came to know about the Nizam’s anarchy and the misdeeds of the Rajakars. Amritsar’s Jallian Wala Bagh incident has got recognition. But it is a very painful situation to not even recognize the incident of “Jallianwala Bagh” in Telangana.
There is no end to the misdeeds of the Razakars
Gundrampally is one of the “Jallianwala Bagh” incidents in Nizam’s state. Rivers of blood were shed by the Razakars in Gundrampally of Chityal Mandal, today’s Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district. Maqbool, a very close friend of Khasim Razvi, committed many atrocities in this village. Killed countless people. He robbed women. The villagers, fed up with his anarchy, protested unitedly. Due to this Maqbool fled from there and attacked the village with the kingkars. In this massacre, 200 villagers were put to death and thrown into the well. The honey of 100 women was robbed and taken away. There is little to praise the bravery of Bhaironpalli in the Telangana Vimochan Sangram. The villagers built strongholds and deployed security forces in the village to avoid the chaos of the kings. The security forces of the village used to gather to fight the Rajakars while playing nagara from the strongholds. Once the kings were carrying paddy by attacking Lingapur, a neighboring village of Bhaironpalli village. At the same time the residents of Bhairanapalli attacked the Razakars. Enraged by this, the Razakars attacked Bhairanapalli first with 60 men and then with 150 men but were unsuccessful. The Razakars, who were burning in the fire of Pratik, this time attacked Bhairanapalli with an army of 400 men, modern lethal weapons, cannons. Even women and children were not spared. Bullets rained on everyone. raped women. 118 security force members of Bhaironpally village, armed with conventional weapons, were martyred. The stronghold of Bhaironpalli still stands in evidence of this.
On September 2, 1947, Razakar and Nizam’s soldiers massacred 19 people in different villages on the villagers of Parakala who raised the slogan of merger of Hyderabad Institute with India. More than 200 people were seriously injured. Ramji Gondhu and thousands of his followers, who fought for Jal-Zamin-Jungle, were hanged collectively by hanging from a banyan tree of Nirmal. The tree is known as “Gaund Marri”, “Urul Marri” and “Veyyi Urul Marri”. Nizam police opened fire on 2000 entrepreneurs from villages of Nellikonda, Dasarapalli, Lankala, Amarchinta etc. around Appampalli of Amarchinta Sansthan for Telangana release in which 11 were killed and 25 were badly injured. On 4 March 1948, Nizam police and Razakars looted at Renikunta near Bhuvanagiri. By changing the traditional weapons into weapons, the villagers opposed the kings equipped with modern weapons and fought fiercely with them. In this battle 26 people of Renakunta village were martyred. Patarlapahad residents who opposed the arbitrary tax were put to death. In this 17 people became immortal. In Katkand near Jangam, 13 people who protested against extortion by Rajakars were shot. 23 Armed Jawan Kisan Sangharsh members were shot at Kutigal on 25 August 1948. Hundreds of such violent incidents took place between 1935-47, especially from 1947 to 1948. Millions of people died in this atrocity. Murders, rapes, making women naked and playing a game of bathukamma, plundering, extortion, forcible conversion… Thus there was no account of the misdeeds of the Razakars. There are many unrecognized incidents in which many people have been martyred.
Injustice to warriors for votes
The Jallianwala Bagh incident was unexpected. But today there is bloodshed with Hindus in Hyderabad Institute for 13-14 years. On 17 September 1948, after 13 months of the country’s independence from the ‘Police Action’ run by Sardar Vallabhbai Patel, this province started living with freedom, freed from the oppression of the Nizam and the misdeeds of the kings. Yet incidents like ‘Jallianwala Bagh’ in Telangana were not recognized. The reason for this is the politics of Telangana itself. If the Nizam was shown bad, the minority class would be hurt, due to which the sacrifices and exploits of many warriors were not allowed to come to light. M. I.M. Under pressure from the TDP, which was ruling Andhra Pradesh at that time, the Congress did not celebrate any kind of celebration on 17th September even after this province got independence. Even after the formation of Telangana state in 2014, the TRS, who played with the sentiments of the people of Telangana, bowed down in front of the MIM, it is unfortunate to see 17th as a normal day.
Ceremony under the aegis of central government
On the occasion of the 75th anniversary of independence, the Modi government is remembering the unknown warriors by recognizing them in the name of ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’. In this sequence, those unknown warriors who were martyred in the fight against the Nizam in Telangana are being remembered. “Telangana Vimonna Dinotsavam” will be organized to mark the state’s entry into the 75th year of independence. This festival will be celebrated throughout the year till 17 September 2023. How were the struggles fought for the liberation of this region? The purpose of these celebrations is to make the coming generation aware by giving it information. The battles, sacrifices, sacrifices of that time will fill devotion in today’s generation. This will be our best tribute to the warriors who sacrificed for us.